Raw materials from sustainable forestry
Borregaard has one of the world’s most sophisticated biorefineries, which employs a unique concept to use the various components of wood to manufacture a variety of products that can replace petroleum-based goods.
Great emphasis is placed on ensuring that the raw material comes from forests that are operated according to internationally recognised principles for sustainable forestry. As far as practically possible, Borregaard also uses ships and rail to transport timber to the factory.
Borregaard uses timber as a raw material in the production of biomaterials (specialty cellulose and lignin-based products), biochemicals (vanillin) and biofuel (bioethanol). The timber that is used is mainly spruce roundwood, but chips from various sawmills are also used.
The company’s development is contingent on a continuous supply of biomass in the form of timber of the correct quality.
Similar requirements of responsible forestry and traceability apply to timber sourcing. Borregaard Fabrikker in Sarpsborg, Norway, purchases about one million solid cubic metres of timber annually. The timber comes primarily from Norwegian and Swedish forests which are mainly FSC- or PEFC-certified.
Borregaard’s goal is to have all its timber come from certified forests. In Norway most of the forest owners are organised into large commercial units that arrange for certification and follow-up. As a result, virtually all the Norwegian timber that Borregaard buys is certified.
In Sweden it is the individual forest owner who is certified, which means that it is difficult at present to be sure of 100 per cent certification, but the percentage is high.
Some timber comes from Eastern Europe, largely from Estonia, where forestry is also subject to stringent environmental requirements.
Living Forest – rules for sustainable forestry
In 1999, the Group’s forestry operations were among the first in Norway to be certified according to the international environmental standard ISO 14001. Borregaard and the trade organisation Norwegian Pulp and Paper Association were also involved in the project “Living Forest”, which was instrumental in establishing rules for sustainable Norwegian forestry.
The ”Living Forest” standards were approved in the international PEFC system in 2000, and the standard was developed further in 2006. The standard also includes third-party control.